As the third member of the Trinity, the holy spirit is a person and is also personal. We see this in a few different ways. First, in the Old and New Testament books the Holy Spirit is referred to as “he,” and throughout the New Testament, he’s referred to as a person (John 6:63; 14:26; Rom. 8:11, 16, 26; 1 John 5:6). What we’ll see in the references below, the Holy Spirit can be grieved, resisted, and even insulted. An impersonal force cannot do these things. Only a person can.

Second, before ascending to heaven, Jesus said he was going to send the Holy Spirit to be a counselor like him (John 14:26). The Holy Spirit is also capable of teaching (Luke 12:12). Unlike gravity—an impersonal force—that can neither counsel nor teach people, the Holy Spirit can do both. In these two ways, we can see that the Holy Spirit is WAY more than a force—he’s the third member of the Trinity. To place a nice bow on this topic, here are multiple references to the characteristics of the holy spirit:

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He’s referred to as a Person (John 6:63; 14:26; Rom. 8:11, 16, 26; 1 John 5:6).

He speaks (2 Sam. 23:2; Acts 1:16; 8:29; 10:19; 11:12; 13:2; 21:11; 28:25–26; 1 Tim. 4:1; Heb. 3:7–8; Rev. 2:7; 14:13; 22:17).

He witnesses (John 15:26).

He searches (1 Cor. 2:11).

He can be grieved (Isa. 63:10; Eph. 4:30).

He loves (Rom. 15:30).

He has a mind (Rom. 8:27).

He has intelligence (1 Cor. 2:10–11).

He can be tested (Acts 5:9).

He can be resisted (Acts 7:5).

He has a will (1 Cor. 2:11; 12:7–11).

At this point, you’re probably thinking:

“This is great and all, but what in the world does the Holy Spirit do today?”

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God bless!

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